For over five decades since Scouting reached the Philippine, Filipinos
had been adopting the program of the Boy Scouts of America. This
is normal since it was the Americans who introduced Scouting to
In 1961, out the innate desire to adapt a program to the culture
and tradition of the Filipinos, the National Executive Board approved
and adopted the Revitalized Scouting Program which was officially
launced on June 19, 1961. It was a move to Filipinize the program.
It included changes in the badges, insignia, and program materials.
The Boy Scouting ranks - from "Eagle Scout" to "Jose
Rizal Scout," and the Star and Life ranks was compressed into
the "Maginoo Scout."
The Cub Scouting program also wen through changes. The ranks was
renamed as well, instead of Wolf, Bear, Lion, and Webelos they went
through Young Usa, Lauan, Molave, Narra, and the Leaping Usa Badges.
The Young Usa and Leaping Usa are the advancement badges, while
Lauan, Molave, and Narra were only complimentary badges.
Exploring for the Senior Scout program through the adoption of
Air Scouting and Sea Scouting programs.
11th World Jamboree - 1963
struck in 1963 when on July 28 of that year, a Sunday, a United
Arab Airline plane plunged into the sea off the coast of Bombay
in India, killing the 24 members of the Philippine contingent to
the 11th World Jamboree in Marathon Greece. The contingent, consisting
of 20 boys and four leaders, left Manila the day before a KLM flight
to Hong Kong where they boarded the ill-starred plane that was supposed
to bring them all the way to Greece via Bongkok and Bombay. The
crash took place on the Bangkok to Bombay leg of the journey.
The tragedy grieved the whole country and the entire Scouting world.
At the plains of Marathon in Greece, the Jamboree opened as scheduled
on Thursday, August 1 but with all the flags flown at half mast
(quarter staff) in the traditional gesture of mourning. In Manila,
President Diosdado Macapagal led government officials in their expressions
of grief and mobilized the government machinery to help the authorities
in India ascertain the cause of the crash and bring the bodies home.
Among the message of condolence received cam from Pope Paul VI.
The Philippine was represented at the Jamboree by BSP officials
who left ahead of the main delegation and three boys who volunteered
to go to Greece after being left behind because they could not raise
their plane fare on time.
The ill-fated Boy Scouts and Scouters are honored today as heroes
in a mausoleum erected for them at the Manila North Cemetery and
in streets named after them in Quezon City. There are also streets
named Boy Scouts Avenue, Marathon Street, and 11th Jamboree Street
to remember that incident. There are parks, chapels and monuments
erected in honor of some of the boys in the provinces where they
The 11th World Jamboree
Tragedy - a page from the Philippine Scouting Magazine dedicated
to the scouts, their families, and friends.
For more information about the Eleventh World Jamboree
and other World Jamborees visit the Pine
The Ruby Tower
The Boy Scouts again mobilized to action when the six-storey Ruby
Tower building collapsed triggered by an intensity 7 earthquake
that shook Manila on August 3, 1968.
Benito Guzon summed it up well in his article, "The Scouts
were in all phases of the rescue operation. They carried victims
to medical centers, transported recovered valuables to safe places,
acted as liaison officers - the do-it-all service men - responded
to tany need prompty and with dedication. They were the men of the
The Boy Scouts drew the admiration of all those who saw them work,
including President Ferdinand E. Marcos who, when the operation
was over, took time to honor them and all those who participated
in the difficult task of wading through the rubble to look for survivors.
Among the few singled out for the Presidential Humanitarian Award
was Scout Salvador Ang Jr., Assistant Scoutmaster of Troop 326.
National Scout Executive Godofredo P. Neric received the recognition
award for the BSP as a whole.