Printed from the Merit Badge Center, Philippines -

Public Health

  1. Tell the main cause of the following diseases, and how to prevent them: tuberculosis, typhoid fever, diphtheria, malaria, hookworm, tetanus (lockjaw), and rabies.

  2. Do the following:
    1. Make a bait and set a mouse trap. Catch a live mouse to show that the trap works.
    2. Improvise a fly swatter. Name two or more diseases known to be carried by flies from one person to another.
    3. Describe two or more methods of destroying the breeding places of mosquitoes. Know at least the name of a modern insecticide and how it is used to destroy flies, mosquitoes, and other harmful insects.
    4. Destroy completely two kilograms of "green garbage" over the embers of an outdoor cooking fire.

  3. Do the following:
    1. Explain what health requirements your community enforces in the sale of meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, and cooked food.
    2. Tell how can you cooperate with the health authorities in preventing diseases in your home and community.
    3. Give five simple rules for preventing the spread of communicable diseases during and following a person's illness.

  4. Do the following:
    1. Dig a straddle trench latrine and 'cat-hole' latrine. Fill in and leave in proper condition.
    2. Present a diagram of an "Antipolo"-type or some other type of sanitary toilet for home use. Help construct one in your own home if necessary.
    3. Explain two purposes of physical "recheck" examination given to Scouts by a medical doctor when they arrive in a Council camp.
    4. Filter one full canteen of muddy water using materials you carry or can find in camp.
    5. Make one-half of the water safe by using a suitable chemical, and the other by the use of heat.

  5. Name some diseases against which you have been immunized by vaccination or other methods, and explain how the immunization works. Tell what vaccine is given to persons going abroad.


Worksheet -