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Boating

  1. Before doing the other requirements, swim 100 yards using any stroke, then rest by floating as still as you can for one minute.

  2. Show that you know safety rules for boating or sailing.

  3. Secure a permit to operate a motorboat if needed. Explain the laws affecting pleasure boating in your area.

  4. Show that before going in a boat, you know the features or hazards of the body of water to be cruised.

  5. Explain the rules of the sea lanes. Describe aids to navigation used where you cruised.

  6. Examine the condition, and demonstrate the proper use of the following safety gears.
    1. Lifesaving device for each person on board
    2. Fire extinguisher
    3. Oars of paddles
    4. Light
    5. Tool kit
    6. Extra shear pin and spark plugs
    7. Horn, whistle, or other sound signals
    8. Compass
    9. Anchor and line
    10. Safety chain (for outboard motor)
    11. First aid kit
    12. Bilge pump or similar device that can be used for bailing.

RESOURCE LINKS
Boating Safety
BSA Safe Swim Defense/Safety Afloat Online Training
Fire and Extinguishers
How to Use a Compass
Orienteering - BSA Troop 780
USCG Boating Safety

LOCAL LINKS
Compass Reading
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Camping

  1. Show your Counselor and Outfit Advisor the following:
    1. Preparing for camp: clothing and equipment and how to pack them
    2. Camp shelter and sanitation, including tent pitching
    3. Precautions to be taken on a Crew/Outfit camp

  2. Make a camp lay-out and prepare a plan for a weekend camp including a schedule of activities; submit these to your Counselor. With the members of your Crew/Outfit discuss the camp plan in the presence of the Outfit Advisor and the Counselor. Carry out the camp plan.

  3. While in camp, do the following:
    1. Make a comfortable ground bed and sleep on it. Use ground cloth and padding of clothing, grass, leaves or straw
    2. Make a camp table, a tripod for suspending camp supplies, clothes line or other camp conveniences using proper lashing techniques
    3. Dig a suitable garbage pit

  4. Show and explain the proper method of storing and protecting your food and equipment against small animals, insects, and wet weather.

  5. Tell how you would protect yourself against wet weather and cold while in camp.

  6. Camp a total of at least 20 days and 20 nights in the out-of-doors, submitting evidence to your Outfit Advisor and Counselor that these camps were made within standards. (You may use a week-end camp and/or a week of summer camp as part of the 20 days and 20 nights).

  7. Submit reports to your Outfit Advisor and Counselor of your participation in the fifteen days and fifteen nights of camping, which should include the following:
    1. Sketches of the campsites
    2. Schedule and details of activities in the camp
    3. What you did or learned in camp, and
    4. Experience in the camp which developed your character, your health, your self-reliance and your harmonious relationship with other Scouts

RESOURCE LINKS
Camping Basics
Camping Online Resource

LOCAL LINKS
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Citizenship in the Community

  1. Prepare a written outline of the history of your community including such known information as who the first settlers were, when they came, important historical events, and people who figured prominently in the growth of the community.

  2. Mark or point out on a map of your community:
    1. Principal government buildings
    2. Fire station (fire brigade), police station (outpost), hospital or puericulture center, schools or churches
    3. Main highways and/or feeder roads to neighboring cities or towns
    4. Nearest railroad and/or bus station, piers and airport, if any
    5. Chief industries (principal sources of income or livelihood)
    6. Historical spots and other points of interest

  3. From newspapers, radio, forums or other sources of public information and discussion, gather opinions on both sides of a public issue and give your own ideas on it.

  4. Draw a diagram of the organizational structure of your provincial or city government, showing its executive, legislative, and judicial branches, and tell briefly what each branch performs.

  5. Do two of the following:
    1. Draw a diagram of the organizational structure of your barrio, town, or city government showing the top officials, courts, and administrative departments. Indicate who among these officials are elected and who are appointed. Give the names of these officials.
    2. Know and tell how to do at least seven of the following in your community:
      1. Report a fire
      2. Report an automobile accident
      3. Call a physician and/or an ambulance
      4. Report damage to electric power, gas, or water supply system
      5. Report damage to or need of repairs on streets, roads, bridges, or sewerage system
      6. Obtain a bicycle license
      7. Obtain a dog license
      8. Report a mad dog scare
      9. Report a contagious disease
      10. Call a veterinarian
      11. Obtain a building permit
      12. Obtain help from a representative of the agricultural agency in your locality
      13. Report to the authority the commission of crime such as robbery, theft, burglary, illegal cockfighting, gambling, etc.
      14. Report to the authority traffic violations
      15. Report to the authority election violations
    3. Visit one department of your local government and report on what services it offers for the community; or, attend a court session or a public meeting of a government body and report what takes place.
    4. Know how much it costs to run your local government for one year; how your money is obtained and for what it is chiefly spent. Tell what kinds of taxes your family pays in meeting your cost.

  6. Discuss with your family or Counselors in what ways Scouting helps to train you for citizenship and give examples of democracy at work in your Outfit.

  7. Take an active part and vote regularly in elections of officers and matters of business in your Outfit, school and other groups to which you belong.

  8. List and briefly describe the work of several civic organizations other than the Boy Scouts of the Philippines through which people of your community work together for the general welfare by way of serving the youth, safeguarding public health or safety, disaster relief, care of orphans, aid to the poor, providing recreational facilities, promoting good business or better farming, improving labor conditions, or general civic improvement.

  9. Do one of the following:
    1. Identify the principal political parties or factions of parties in your community or province, and explain briefly their points of view on one public issue of which they disagree.
    2. Describe at least one vocation opportunity offered in your community in some form of public service. Tell what personal qualifications are needed for the job.

  10. List and explain at least five privileges and forms of protection you enjoy as a citizen in your community, and describe your obligations to the community

  11. With the advice of your Outfit Advisor and Merit Badge Counselor, plan your own program of community service, and give at least 10 hours of your time in carrying it out; or give 10 hours of community service in a project carried out by your Outfit.

RESOURCE LINKS
Government Links
Map Central
Newspapers Philippines
Philippines: A Study
Philippine Government Portal
Political Parties
Wikipedia: Phil Places

CIVIC GROUPS
Lions Club
Philippine Lion Clubs
Philippine National Red Cross
Philippine Rotary Club

LOCAL LINKS
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Citizenship in the Home

  1. Discuss with your parents (or teacher) and Counselor:
    1. the meaning of citizenship
    2. the importance of the home in the training of a Scout for citizenship

  2. Submit a statement from your parents or other people who are familiar with your conduct at home, evidence you practice good citizenship at home by being courteous, fair and helpful to members of your family and that you put into practice the Scout Oath and Law, Scout Motto and Slogan. (A suitable certification form must be made available for filling the above requirement).

  3. Prepare a list (at least five) of your regular home duties for at least one month and keep a record of how often you do them.

  4. Discuss with your family or Merit Badge Counselor your rights and obligation in your family.

  5. Do the following:
    1. Make a health and safety check-up of your home, and help your family correct as many hazards as possible.
    2. Prepare with your family a plan of escape in case of fire in your home.
    3. Tell how to get help in case of accident, illness, fire and other emergencies in your home.

  6. Do at least one major Good Turn for your home outside of your regular duties.

  7. Make a budget and keep a record of your own income and/or allowances and expenses for two months. Explain why it is wise to live within one's means.

  8. Submit a report on a family group activity which you helped to plan, prepare and carry out.

RESOURCE LINKS
Family Code of the Philippines
Family Reunion Planning Site
National Safety Council
Personal Budget

LOCAL LINKS
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Citizenship in the Nation

  1. Read the Constitution of the Philippines and:
    1. Explain its purpose as set forth in the Preamble
    2. Draw a diagram to show the organization of the Philippine government into three branches as provided.
    3. Describe and explain the purpose of the system of checks and balances.
    4. Tell how the Constitution may be amended.

  2. Present newspaper or magazine clippings showing instances of how at least three of the privileges in the Bill of Rights have been protected in our country, or how they have been set aside in countries under totalitarian rule.

  3. Take part in a group discussion in your Outfit, school, family or any other Outfit, on an important national problem.

  4. Do one of the following:
    1. Visit the National or Provincial Capital, or a National project which serves your community, province or region; or a place associated with a person who had figured in the history of our country. Prepare and submit a brief report of your visit.
    2. Correspond with someone preferably a Scout who lives in another Region of the Philippines. Exchange ideas, descriptive materials, hobby items (e.g. stamps), Scout insignias, etc.

  5. Give the names of the President, the Vice-President, the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, any Senator (preferably one from your Region), and the Representative from your District in Congress. Tell how to address a letter to each of them at their respective offices.

  6. Indicate to which branches of the national government any ten of the following list fall:

    national parks, national forests and wildlife protection, fish protection, flood control, investigation of violations of national laws, judgment of such violations, issuance of currency, appropriations for government expenses, foreign policy, soil conservation, child welfare, settlement of sparsely populated areas, fundamental education

  7. Describe five ways by which the National Government serves you, your family, and your community.

  8. Present your birth certificate or other legal evidence of your citizenship; or, if foreign-born, learn what a person must do in order to become a Filipino citizen.

RESOURCE LINKS
1986 EDSA Revolution
Babilonia Wilner Foundation
Beggars Hand
Chan Robles Law Library
Checks and Balances
CIA Philippine Fact Sheet
Government Links
Government Officials
Philippine Constitution
Philippine Government Portal
Phil. Law & Jurisprudence

LOCAL LINKS
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Ecology

  1. Explain the meaning of the following: ecology, biosphere, ecosystem, plant succession, limiting factor. Give an example of the last two.

  2. With the help of your Counselor, pick an area of 3 hectares for study. City Scouts may pick an area in a large park, if a better place is not available.

  3. Visit the area four times for 2 hours each time. Do this at different times on one day a week for a month; or if at camp, on four different days of the week at different times of the day.
    1. Record the temperature, rain, and wind
    2. List the animals you saw. Tell what they were doing
    3. List the plants you saw
    4. Name the kinds of rocks and soil

  4. Write about your study in 500 words or more showing:
    1. How the climate, topography, and geology have influenced the number and kinds of plants and animals
    2. How the living and non-living elements are interrelated
    3. Why it is important that people understand this

  5. With your Counselor, plan and carry out a project on one of the following:
    1. The effect of water-holding capacity of soil on plant life. The relation of plant cover to run-off. How both are related to the water and oxygen cycles.
    2. The influence of land plant life on temperature, light intensity, wind velocity, and humidity. The influence of water plant life on the water environment. How both land and water plants affect animal life.

  6. Make a report, in the form of a short talk to a Scout group, on what you did in requirement 5.

  7. Show you understand the following:
    1. The causes of water pollution. Tell what it does to rivers and lakes.
    2. The causes of land pollution. Tell what it does to the environment.
    3. The causes of air pollution. Tell what it does to the environment.
    4. How some chemicals get into the tissues of animals miles from where they were used.

  8. Describe what you and others can do to help solve a local problem or air pollution, water pollution, or litter.

  9. Describe the duties of three positions in environmental science.

RESOURCE LINKS
Babilonia Wilner Foundation
Biodiversity Hotspots
Citizens for Planet Earth
Economy & Environment SEA
Gov.PH Environment
Leave No Trace Resources
Mineralogy Database
Pollution.Com
Water Cycle

LOCAL LINKS
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Electricity

  1. Know the sources and ways of producing electricity.

  2. Make a simple electromagnet. Show and state the relationship between electricity and magnetism.

  3. Understand the difference between a direct current and an alternating current, and show used to which each is adapted. Give a method of determining what current flows in a given circuit.

  4. Have an elementary knowledge of the construction of cells, batteries, switches, electric bells, and transformers.

  5. Demonstrate how to replace fuses, and properly splice, solder, and tape rubber-covered wires.

  6. Make and submit a diagram or sketch showing the lights, switches, and outlets controlled by each fuse in your house.

  7. Read correctly an electric meter and compute the bill.

RESOURCE LINKS
Alternating and Direct Current
Build an Electromagnet
Electricity and Magnetism
Explore Learning
Generating Electricity
How Stuff Works

LOCAL LINKS
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Emergency Preparedness

  1. Earn the First Aid Merit Badge.

  2. Tell what you would do to prevent injury and possible loss of life to you and others in each of the following situations: Fire or explosion at home or in a public building, car stalled in a secluded place, motor vehicle accident, mountain accident, food poisoning, boating accident, search for lost persons, gas leak, earthquake, flood, typhoon, lighting, nuclear fallout, avalanche (rock), and landslide.

  3. Demonstrate and explain how you could safely save a person from the following situations:
    1. Touching a live electric wire
    2. A room filled with carbon monoxide or other fumes or smoke
    3. Clothes on fire
    4. Drowning using non-swimming rescues (including river, sea or beach accidents)

  4. Tell the things a group of Scouts should be prepared to do, the training needed and the safety precautions to be taken for the following emergency situations:
    1. Crowd and traffic control
    2. Messenger service and communication
    3. Collection and distribution services
    4. Group feeding, shelter and sanitation

  5. Demonstrate the following:
    1. Three ways of attracting and communicating with rescue planes or helicopters
    2. The proper use of ropes and lines for rescue work by doing the following:
      1. Tie knots for joining lines, shortening or adjusting lines and lashings
      2. Lower a person from a height sufficient to show how a rescue is done
      3. Coil and accurately throw light and heavy 50-foot heaving lines

  6. Prepare a written plan for mobilizing your Troop for emergency service. Prepare an "emergency kit" for use by your Patrol or your family.

  7. Participate in one emergency service.

RESOURCE LINKS
Animated Knots 1
Animated Knots 2
Animated Knots 3
Rope Works
Survival: Signal for Help
Preparedness List
Upward Trail: Outdoor Tips
Wilderness Survival Guide

LOCAL LINKS
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Filipino Heritage

  1. Write a biography of at least five Filipino heroes or great men. Explain to your Outfit what outstanding work they did for our country that made them great. Describe any of their personal virtues or qualities that are worth emulation by the youth.

  2. Cite at least five (5) literary works written by Filipino heroes or great men. Explain to your Outfit the significance of each of these literary works. Select at least three (3) passages/ideas from each which you think are still relevant today.

  3. Compile and relate to your Outfit ten (10) Filipino traditions that are worth emulating. Give reasons why they should be emulated and preserved.

  4. Compile and recite to your Outfit twenty (20) Filipino proverbs; explain at least half of them.

  5. Recite a poem written by your favorite Filipino hero or great man in an Outfit meeting and explain the meaning of the lines or phrase of the poem.

  6. Take part in a Crew or Outfit activity or any project honoring the memory of Filipino heroes or great men.

  7. Visit any historical place or shrine connected with Filipino heroes or great men. Make a written report of the visit with the Outfit Advisor.

RESOURCE LINKS
1986 EDSA Revolution
Alibata at Baybayin
Ang Baybayin
Arabic Calligraphy
Ayala Museum
Bantayog ng mga Bayani
Bayaning Pilipino
Filipinas Heritage Library
Filipino Heritage.com
Mabuhay, Philippines
Philippines: A Study
Tagalog
Tagalog Dictionary
Tribong Pinoy

FILIPINO LITERATURE
El Filibusterismo
Florante at Laura
Ibong Adarna
Noli Me Tangere

LOCAL LINKS
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Lifesaving

    (These tests must be performed before a Counselor who is a Certified Water Safety Instructor of the Philippine National Red Cross or who holds an Aquatic School Certificate of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines for Life Saving)

  1. Earn the Swimming Merit Badge.

  2. Do the following:
    1. Spend at least six hours in preparing and practicing lifesaving skills
    2. Surface dive into open water, 2 to 3 meters deep, recovering various objects three times and a 5-kilo weight once.

  3. Show the following:
    1. For two times, remove your street clothes in 30 seconds or less. (Street clothes means socks, shoes, trousers, barong/shirt/sweatshirt).
    2. The correct approach to a drowning person who is in the following positions:
      1. Back to Scout - Back Approach
      2. Face to Scout with head above water - Underwater Approach

  4. With the help of a buddy and a subject, show the following rope rescue (reel-in rescue) both as line tender and as rescuer:
    1. As rescuer - carrying the looped end of a rope 20 meters long, -centimeter in diameter across your shoulder and chest, make a running or leaping entry into the water, swim 20 meters to struggling subject, and tow him ashore with the rope
    2. As line tender - chain know rescue line. Tie and place loop around rescuer's shoulder, pay out rope and pull rescuer and subject ashore

  5. Keeping in sight a struggling person, enter the water feet first and -
    1. Swim 10 meters, make correct approach, and tow victim 10 meters to shore with cross-chest carry
    2. Swim 10 meters, make correct approach, and tow victim 10 meters to shore with hair carry
    3. Swim 10 meters, make correct approach, and tow victim 10 meters to shore with collar or wrist carry
    4. Swim 10 meters, make correct approach to a tired swimmer, carry and push him 10 meters to shore

  6. Do the following:
    1. In water at least two meters deep, show how to block effectively and avoid the attempts of a struggling person to grasp you around the neck with right arm and with both arms. In each case, show how to tow him ashore
    2. In water at least two meters deep, show how to disengage yourself from any of the following grasps:
      1. Wrist
      2. Front head hold
      3. Rear head hold
      4. Arms around the body, at the front, below the armpit
      5. Arms around the body from back
    3. Demonstrate resuscitation for two minutes using the mouth-to-mouth method with external cardiac massage.

RESOURCE LINKS
Lifesaving Resources
Philippine National Red Cross

LOCAL LINKS
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Physical Fitness

  1. Submit evidence of your general medical examination done within the year. State what has been or will be done to correct conditions needing remedial measures.

  2. Do the following:
    1. Have yourself examined by your dentist. Tell how to care for your teeth.
    2. Tell about your daily health habits and the care of your skin, hands, fingernails, toenails, eyes, ears and nose.

  3. Explain how to ventilate a sleeping room properly. Give the number of hours of sleep needed by a person of your age. Explain why a person should sleep by himself and what distance should separate your bed from others. Explain and how proper breathing and how it affects health.

  4. Explain the following:
    1. How disease is spread by drinking water, common drinking cups, dirty dishes, dirty dish towels, soiled bath towels, unpasteurized milk and personal contacts
    2. The essential foods for the daily diet of a person of your age and why you should observe good eating habits
    3. Diseases against which you may be immunized or protected
    4. How the use of alcohol, tobacco and drugs can be harmful to you
    5. The value of clean moral habits to general health

  5. Do the following:
    1. Record your best scores in the following tests: push-ups, jump-reach, run-walks and sit-ups
    2. Set goals to reach during the next 30 days
    3. Do daily exercise and keep a record for 30 days or until your goals are met.

  6. With your Outfit Advisor and Counselor, accomplish the following physical fitness tests. (Earn a minimum of not less than 200 points which must come from not more than five events):
    • Physical Fitness Test #1 - Swimming (50 points maximum)
      • 15 meters speed swim - 5 points for each second faster than 25 seconds
      • Distance Swim - 50 points for swimming 500 meters, 25 points for swimming 250 meters
    • Physical Fitness Test #2 - Arm Strength (50 points maximum)
      • Pull-Ups - 10 points for each pull-up
      • Push-Ups - 2 points for each push-up
      • Archery - 5 points for every bulls-eye
    • Physical Fitness Test #3 - Abdominal Power (50 points maximum)
      • Bent-Knee Sit-Ups - 1 point for each sit-up
    • Physical Fitness Test #4 - Speed Running (50 points maximum)
      • 50-Yard Dash - 2 points for each 1/10 of a second faster than 11 seconds
      • 40-Yard Shuttle Run - 2 points for each 1/10 second faster than 15 seconds
    • Physical Fitness Test #5 - Endurance Running or Walking (50 points maximum)
      • 600-Yard Run-Walk - 1 point for each second faster than 3 minutes and thirty seconds
      • One-Kilometer Walk - 10 points for each minute faster than 20 minutes
    • Physical Fitness Test #6 - Jumping (50 points maximum)
      • Standing Long Jump - 5 points for each inch over 4 feet
      • Vertical Jump and Reach - 5 points for each inch over 7 inches
    • Physical Fitness Test #7 - Body Coordination (50 points maximum)
      • Basketball Throw - 2 points for each foot over 30 feet
      • Softball Throw - 1 point for each foot over 70 feet
      • Archery - 5 points for every bulls-eye

  7. Explain in a discussion with your Counselor, how a Scout can serve others by being physically fit.

RESOURCE LINKS
Alcohol & Tobacco Abuse
Diet and Exercise
PE Central
WHO on Immunization

LOCAL LINKS
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First Aid

  1. Show the correct way to:
    1. Transport a person with compound fracture of the forearm; head injury; spinal column injury.
    2. Make and apply splints for a broken thigh bone.
    3. Explain the dangers involved in the transportation of an injured person even before the injury is known.

  2. Show how to:
    1. Stop bleeding from a ruptured varicose vein in the leg.
    2. Control arterial and/or venous bleeding on the wrist and calf of leg and other parts of the body.

  3. Tell and show what to do in the following cases:
    1. A person in contact with an electric wire
    2. A person in a state of shock due to starvation, injuries and certain diseases
    3. A person who choked from drowning if from water, or food lodged in your windpipe while eating
    4. A person who dove into shallow water, struck your head against a submerged object and fell unconscious

  4. Tell what disease germ is likely to be found in a gunshot wound, stab wound, wound caused by rusty nail, pitchfork or garden rake, or from a powder burn; explain why the patient in such cases must be taken to a physician for treatment.

  5. Show how to:
    1. Sterilize a small piece of cloth or part of your shirt if you have to use it as an improvised bandage or dressing
    2. Treat extreme shock, using cover, correct position and heating devices
    3. Give a patient external massage

RESOURCE LINKS
Family Doctor.Org
First Aid - BSA Troop 780
Learn CPR
Philippine National Red Cross
WebMD

LOCAL LINKS
First Aid
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Safety

  1. Make an inspection of your home using a safety list checked by your Outfit Advisor and Counselor. Tell what hazards you found, why they are hazards, and how they can be removed

  2. As a result of the inspection, list down ten (10) safety rules to be observed in your home

  3. Do one of the following:
    1. Take active part in the safety work in school over a period of at least 10 weeks, at all times doing your best by example and attitude, to interest your schoolmates in safety activities
    2. Build a cabinet for the safe and proper storage of medicines or poisons or a suitable play pen for a baby or recommend a safety device for the home or the Outfit and with the approval of the Counselor, make such a device.

  4. Show or tell:
    1. How you would make yourself visible while walking on the road at night; on which side of the road you should walk, day or night, and why
    2. A good knowledge of local traffic regulations and basic rules of the road
    3. The correct way to carry a full-sized bolo
    4. How to handle, carry and store safely various kinds of farm tools in the home or shop
    5. Your familiarity with, and ability to operate common types of fire extinguishers

  5. Submit and comment on newspaper accounts which you have gathered within the past six months, describing at least three kinds of accidents due to any one of the following causes:
    1. Getting on and off moving vehicles
    2. Crossing streets or highways
    3. Reckless driving
    4. Failure to observe traffic laws

  6. Explain in discussion with your Counselor or dramatize with members of your Crew, what you consider as the main hazards involved in:
    1. Modern transportation
    2. Industry
    3. Recreation
    4. Home

  7. Tell how to deal safely with the following:
    1. Wire dangling from and electric line
    2. Safe storage and use of gasoline
    3. Running engine in a closed garage
    4. Three ways of turning on a fire alarm, citing the best local method and giving the exact location of the fire alarm nearest to your home, school, and Outfit meeting room
    5. Danger of firecrackers

  8. Explain in discussion with your Counselor how you can contribute to the safety of yourself, your family, and your community, as proof of your understanding and appreciation of safety.

RESOURCE LINKS
BSA Scouting Safety Guide
National Safety Council
Online Newspapers
Safe Kids Campaign

LOCAL LINKS
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Soil and Water Conservation

  1. Define what is soil. Explain how soil is formed. Explain the importance of conserving soil.

  2. Do the following:
    1. Collect and identify various kinds of rocks from which soil is formed
    2. Present samples of three classifications of soil - sand, silt and clay. Explain their relationship with water
    3. Explain and show why soil fertility is important to soil conservation.

  3. Demonstrate and explain any three (3) of the following:
    1. Why organic matter called "humus" is important to soil
    2. How living organisms like earthworms, play an important role in conserving soil
    3. Beneficial effects of compost heap when added to soil
    4. How indiscriminate burning of grass and leaves of trees or plants and "kaingin" cause soil erosion
    5. Name three kinds of soil erosion, describe each and how they can be prevented or controlled
    6. What is a gully (or dongas)? Describe how a gully could be healed.

  4. Make a drawing showing the water cycle and explain. Explain why a disturbance in the water cycle is a threat to man.

  5. Show and explain any three (3) of the following:
    1. The importance of water to man
    2. The disastrous effects of water pollution to man
    3. How water is polluted in rivers or streams. What pollution does to fish and wildlife, swimming, water or homes, farms and factories
    4. The three steps of waste water treatment
    5. What is a watershed? How removal of vegetation will affect the way water runs off a watershed
    6. At least five (5) ways of conserving water

RESOURCE LINKS
Uses of Humus
Waste Water Treatment

LOCAL LINKS
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Swimming

    (These tests must be performed before a Counselor who is a recognized swimming instructor of the Philippine National Red Cross or who holds an Aquatic School Certificate for Swimming from the Boy Scouts of the Philippines)

  1. Swim 100 meters in good form using the following strokes for at least the distance specified:
    1. Side-Stroke - 20 meters
    2. Elementary Back Stroke - 20 meters
    3. Breast-Stroke - 60 meters

  2. Surface dive in two meters in water and recover an object from the bottom

  3. In water two or more meters deep, while fully dressed, remove trousers, tie an overhand knot on the bottom of each leg, inflate trousers and float motionless for one minute using the inflate trousers as buoys; or while dressed as above, tread water, inflate shirt and float motionless for one minute.

  4. Rest motionless in the water, or as nearly so as possible, at any angle, for one minute

  5. Enter water without sound, swim silently without splash for fifteen (15) meters (with breast stoke or dog paddle) leave water without sound.

  6. While swimming, submerge quickly (using both surface dive jackknife and duck dive and feet first method), swim three strokes forward under water, return to the surface and at signal, repeat three (3) times.

  7. In deep water, remove street clothes (to include socks, shoes, trousers, shirts, sweater or sweatshirt) and swim forty (40) meters.

RESOURCE LINKS
Philippine National Red Cross

LOCAL LINKS
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Tree Farming

  1. Point out fifteen different species of trees or wild shrubs in the field, and tell their names and chief use.

  2. Tell the value of forests in protecting soil and building fertility, regulating the flow of water, wildlife management, and as recreational areas. Tell from what watershed or other sources your community obtains its water.

  3. Describe briefly the part that forest products play in our everyday life.

  4. Take part in your town or community tree farming activities. Give the meaning of forest management.

  5. With its supervisor, visit a public or private forest area or watershed and write a 300-word report on how the area is managed to grow repeated crops of trees to protect the watershed, support wildlife, or provide other services and benefits.

RESOURCE LINKS
The Cebu Cinnamon
The Philippine Teak

LOCAL LINKS
[ws]


Weather

  1. Show that you know the composition of the air, referring to both constant and variable elements of the air, and what functions each performs.

  2. Tell how the following are formed: moisture, fog, hail, rain, and snow.

  3. Explain the electrical and optical phenomena in the air - such as rainbows, mirages, looming, halos, lighting and thunder. Describe as many of the above as you have seen.

  4. Describe the use and how to read a barometer, thermometer, anemometer, hygrometer, and rain gauge. Make a simple weather vane. Be conversant with storm/weather signals.

  5. Do any one of the following:
    1. Write a simple statement on the climate of the Philippines.
    2. Tell the value of weather prediction. Write a brief account of the Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) - stating what daily, weekly, or monthly publications are prepared and distributed by it. Be able to interpret the chart and graphs contained in these publication.
    3. Keep a daily record for a month of the following: dew or fog in the morning; at a specific hour each day, the direction and force of the wind; the temperature and kinds of clouds (if any) in the sky.

  6. Name some places where, during severe thunderstorms, the danger from lighting is great; some places, where the danger is small.

  7. Show a knowledge of the causes and usual origins and trajectories or paths of typhoons in the Philippines.

RESOURCE LINKS
Atmospheric Composition

LOCAL LINKS
[ws]


World Brotherhood

  1. Have an elementary knowledge of the geography, history, customs and characteristics of people of at least three countries other than your own

  2. Correspond regularly for a period of not less than one year (write at least six letters and receive at least three replies) with a Scout of another country. (Your project may be done individually or as part of an Outfit "link up" Request for contact with overseas Scouts may be made with the Boy Scouts of the Philippines, National Headquarters, Manila).

  3. Give an informative talk of at least 3-minute duration to the members of your Crew or Outfit on the interest and knowledge gained by corresponding with or visiting a Scout of another country.

  4. Do the following:
    1. Tell in your own words how the Scouting Movement began. Point out on a world map the five Scouting regions and identify at least thirty countries which have Scouting.
    2. Describe and demonstrate at least three ways by which Scouts from various countries can recognize one another (by similarities in uniforms, insignias, badges, oath and law, motto, sign, handshakes, etc.)
    3. Explain the organization and operation of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (Conference, Committee and Bureau)

  5. Do any three of the following:
    1. Identify the flag of the United Nations and those of at least twelve member countries
    2. Read the preamble of the Charter of the United Nations; outline in your own words the purpose of the United Nations Organization as set forth in Chapter I of its charter.
    3. Describe the work of the specialized agencies of the United Nations
    4. Read the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and list at least five rights directly related to you and your family.

  6. Do any three of the following:
    1. Take part in some practical activity of an international character such as the collection or distribution of relief supplies, the reception and entertainment of visitors from overseas or assist in a project of a non-partisan organization to promote world brotherhood.
    2. Camp at least five days with Scouts of another country either in your own or in a foreign country. Keep a log book covering the event and note down your impressions. Show that you have a fair understanding of the culture, customs and characteristics of the Scouts you had camped with.
    3. Carry on a conversation with another person in a foreign language for at least five minutes; translate at least 100 words of that language given by the Counselor
    4. Keep an album or scrapbook for at least one year depicting activities of another country
    5. Relate briefly to the members of your Crew/Outfit the history of Scouting in three member countries of the World Organization of the Scout Movement. Draw their Scout Emblems.

RESOURCE LINKS
BabelFish
Country Reports
Declaration of Human Rights
Pine Tree Scout Web
Scout Emblem of NSOs
Scout Link Dot Net
Tolerance.Org
World Factbook - CIA
World Flag Database
Yahoo Category: Scrapbooking

LOCAL LINKS
[ws]

SCOUTING EVENTS
Jamboree-On-The-Air
Jamboree-On-The-Internet
WOSM Listing

WORLD ORGANIZATIONS
Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
United Nations (UN)
World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM)


Copyright © 2009, Merit Badge Center, Philippines
Since August 4, 1999 - Fourth Edition September 30, 2003
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